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  1. Treaties and international agreements
    1. Treaty Collections
    2. Individual Treaties
    3. Treaty Sources
  2. Major Websites and Portals
  3. Subscription Databases (access restricted to Cambridge University)
  4. Research Guides
  5. Inter-Governmental Organisations
  6. Non-Governmental Organisations

Where no link is given to the resource named, it can be found on the Squire legal databases page.

1. Treaties and international agreements

1. (a) Treaty collections

United Nations Treaty Collection

(a) United Nations Treaty Series. The treaties are published by year of registration, which is often later than the dates on which they were signed or came into force.

(b) Multilateral Treaties Deposited with the Secretary-General. This gives the current status (signatures, ratifications, reservations etc.) or over 500 treaties, as well as the citation to the current printed version.

European and Council of Europe Treaty Series - known as European Treaty Series until 2003 and as Council of Europe Treaty Series from 2004 onwards.

  • Click here to search the site for treaties on the environment.

1. (b) Individual treaties

Kyoto Protocol (Climate Change)

Montreal Protocol (Ozone)

1972 London Dumping Convention (Disposal of hazardous waste at sea)

Click "Documents" then "Texts of the Convention and Protocol" – note that there are three pages of documents.

1989 Basel Convention (Hazardous waste)

2001 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (Hazardous Waste)

UN Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes (Transboundary water)

1. (c) Treaty Sources

Electronic Information System for International Law (EISIL) - see "International Environmental Law" but also "International Air, Space and Water".

Environmental law treaties from Intute

Treaty research section of GlobaLex research guide on international law (see below)

Multilateral Project at Fletcher School, Tufts University - texts of international multilateral conventions and other instruments. Not updated since 2004.

2. Major Websites and Portals

European Environmental Law from the T.M.C. Asser Instituut - full text cases, legislation and other documents related to European environmental law.

Natural Resources - web link collections hosted by the University of Denver.

ECOLEX – databases of treaties, legislation, court decisions and literature on environmental matters.

International Environmental Law Project - resources on a number of topics created by and for students and staff at Lewis & Clark Law School, Portland, Oregon, USA

3. Subscription Databases (access restricted to Cambridge University)

Martindale-Hubbell(R) International Law Digest

To access this resource, first enter LexisNexis. Click on "Sources", then "Browse Sources", choose "International" under "Country", click on "Citators and digests" in the list of categories presented, select "Martindale-Hubbell(R) International Law Digest", and then click "OK - continue". You are presented with a search page by default, but "Browse" can be selected on the left-hand side instead.


Foreign Law Guide – A highly regarded research guide, formerly but no longer available in print, written by Thomas H. Reynolds and Arturo A. Flores and available online to Cambridge University users. Click on "conventions and treaties" for a bibliography of sources for a large number of treaties.

Westlaw - see in particular International Environmental Law Documents (enter INTLENVL in the "search for a database" box): "a compilation of international environmental law instruments collected by the authors concerning the international regulation of the natural environment including control of resource pollution, environmental protection and conservation of natural resources. A document may be the text of an international agreement, European Community Directive, United Nations declaration or other rules or statements, binding and nonbinding, or of international governments or organizations."

4. Research Guides

A Basic Guide to International Environmental Legal Research from GlobaLex

Researching International Marine Environmental Law from GlobaLex

Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law: Treaties - a lengthy guide to treaty research from ASIL, the American Society of International Law.

5. Inter-Governmental Organisations

United Nations:

6. Non-Governmental Organisations

International Committee of the Red Cross - page on Environment and International Humanitarian Law

Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) - "a nonprofit organization working to use international law and institutions to protect the environment, promote human health, and ensure a just and sustainable society"

Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development (FIELD) - "a group of public international lawyers committed to helping vulnerable countries, communities and campaigners negotiate for fairer international environmental laws"

Greenpeace - "an independent global campaigning organisation that acts to change attitudes and behaviour, to protect and conserve the environment and to promote peace"

Green Alliance - "an independent organisation working to make environmental solutions a priority in British politics"

Friends of the Earth - "campaigns for solutions to environmental problems":